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WORK PACKAGES DESCRIPTION

The outputs of the WPs dealing with management applications will be used by the WP in charge of the training- dissemination activities. The structure of the work plan is schematised in the Figure , with the different feedback and information fluxes between WPs:

diagrama

WP1 KEY ON-FARM IRRIGATION TECNIQUES TO SAVE WATER The main aim of this WP1 is to optimise key irrigation technologies to save water at the farm scale. These key irrigation technologies are: precise irrigation scheduling using plant/soil water sensors, deficit/partial root dry irrigation, improvement of water use efficiency in greenhouses, use of poor quality waters and improvement of water storage efficiency.

WP2: FROM KNOWLEDGE TO ON-FARM SUITABLE PRACTICES The main objectives of WP2 are the adaptation of new irrigation strategies and technologies to water demanding crops currently grown in the Mediterranean region, including cereals, fruit trees and vegetables, integrating these issues with husbandry practices applied in different Mediterranean studied cases located in Spain, Italy, Greece, Lebanon, Morocco and Egypt.

WP3: DISTRICT CHARACTERIZATION AND BENCHMARKING. The overall objective of WP3 is to provide stakeholders with a suitable method of irrigation performance assessment through the process of ‘benchmarking’, and to propose district best management practices (WP3 deliverable). The functioning and organisational characteristics of the targeted irrigated districts will be assessed through the benchmarking methodology and performance criteria proposed by FAO-IPTRID. In some districts, a more straightforward approach (RAP, Rapid Appraisal Process) might be applied, depending on the characteristics of the case-study. For each one of the targeted districts, intermediary objectives and tasks will be defined which will provide (i) the information (district data base, WP3 deliverable) required for a comprehensive diagnosis and valuation of the actual management rules for water allocation and distribution, and (ii) the analysis tool required to identify changes and improvements in the organisational structure and the day-to-day management of the irrigation district.

WP4: DEVELOPMENT OF A DISTRICT INFORMATION SYSTEM. The overall objective of WP4 is the harmonisation of on-farm and off-farm management by means of a District Information System (DIS) which could be used by stakeholders at purposes of district day-to-day management as well as for planning and strategic decision-making. The proposed DIS (WP4 main deliverable) will be developed from a GIS-based modelling approach which integrates a generic crop model and a hydraulic model of the transport/distribution system, and will use remote sensing information. The main sub-objectives of WP4 are (i) the development of an operational algorithm to retrieve crop evapotranspiration from remote sensing data (WP4 deliverable), (ii) the development of an information system with friendly user interface for the data base, the crop module and the hydraulic module (WP4 deliverables) and (iii) the analysis and validation of management scenarios from model simulations predicting the respective behaviour of the on-farm and off-farm systems.

WP5: DEVELOPMENT OF A WATERSHED INFORMATION SYSTEM. The purpose of the WP is to develop a watershed information system (WIS) combining the objectives of acquiring and synthesising the information required for (i) environmental assessment of irrigation activities and (ii) regional planning of water resources, both on catchment scale. In particular, the tool will be designed to supply synthetic and quantitative outputs of the different components of the catchment hydrologic balance, and to diagnose the likely impact of irrigation water use on the quantity and quality of water resources downstream of the irrigation schemes. The development of an information system at the watershed level is a prerequisite for proposing, in the future, strategies of water use and distribution accounting for limited regional water resources and for a limitation of environmental perturbation that can be induced by irrigation activities.

WP6: IRRIGATION WATER ECONOMICS AND GOVERNANCE. This work package aims to evaluate the economic impacts of existing and new water saving approaches in irrigated agriculture and (re)design governance approaches to promote sustainable water use. The water savings approaches consist of (feasible combinations of) water supply and demand management options, including water pricing policies. The work will focus on the characterization of factors that determine the adoption and acceptability of these supply and demand management options in Mediterranean farming practices and agricultural policy. A common research protocol will be developed for application in the case studies to ensure cross-case comparability and assess the transferability of best-practice experiences. Special attention will be paid to the effect of water saving approaches on the vulnerability of rural livelihoods. More specifically, we will:

  • assess and analyze the formal and informal institutional conditions in place, including policy (dis)incentives, to enhance water conservation and promote sustainable water use and governance;
  • assess and analyze the cost-efficiency and socio-economic benefits of existing and new water saving technology and policy (dis)incentives in irrigated agriculture in Mediterranean case studies;
  • assess and analyze the impact of existing and new water saving technology and policy (dis)incentives on rural livelihoods and their vulnerability.

Based on the performance assessment of water saving approaches and the identification of the necessary (changes in) institutional and economic incentives, the work package will (re)design governance structures and policy (dis)incentives to encourage the adoption of sustainable water irrigation technology and reduce the vulnerability of rural livelihoods. In the process we will also study whether best practices can be transferred from one region to another and from one level of governance to another.

WP7. Dissemination and transference of know-how and technology (All scales). The objective of this Workpackage will be to assure the proper visibility of the project in the scientific community and policy makers, as well as the diffusion and implementation of the project results towards the potential beneficiaries and the general public.

WP8. Management activities: The main aim of this Work package is to manage effectively and efficiently the SIRRIMED project during its lifetime, following up the consortium activities and ensuring that the deliverables and annual reports elaborated on progress of the project are of high quality and ready on time.

 

 

     
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